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Endometriosis is a painful gynecological disorder that affects millions of women across the world and significantly hampers with their quality of life. As this condition occurs in women mostly in their prime, it can affect their ability to get pregnant, hence causing not just physical but mental trauma.


The disease has perplexed both scientists and medical professionals and there is no exact known cause for the disease. However, research has thrown up certain likely reasons for the development of endometriosis such as -

  • Backflow of menstrual blood or Retrograde menstruation - The commonest reason attributed for this disorder is backflow of the menstrual blood along with the endometrial tissue that has been shed from the uterus into the abdominal cavity through the fallopian tubes. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle.
  • Genetic influence - Some women might be more likely than others to develop endometriosis because of their genetic pre-disposition. Those who have close relatives such as mother or sister suffering from the disease are more at risk of being affected by it themselves.
  • Surgical scar implantation - Endometriosis can develop as a result of endometrial cells attaching themselves to scar tissue following a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or Caesarean section and grow into lumps or cysts.
  • Embryonic cell growth - The cells lining the abdominal and pelvic cavities come from embryonic cells. When one or more small areas of the abdominal lining turn into endometrial tissue, endometriosis can develop.
  • Fast-paced lifestyle - Some studies of late, present the theory that certain lifestyle choices and the stress of modern living can contribute to the development of endometriosis. Environmental pollution, pesticides in our food and the increasing exposure to chemicals at home and around us may also be responsible but there is very little conclusive evidence to prove this.